Written by Alrassed Alliby Editor
3 May 2013 9:45 am
Twarghae in Libya - a report from International Amnesty
« We are not safe anywhere »:Twarghae in Libya
In mid-August / August 2011, militants attacked belong to the opposition, of Misrata , town Twarghae , inhabited by about 30,000 Libyans are black - skinned .
The fighters, known “revolutionaries " , used indiscriminate weapons , such as Grad missiles in the attack on the town, forcing most people to flee . And launched the " rebels " fired on some who tried to survive, and they then arrested remainder of Twarghae or ordered them to leave After emptying the region of its people, the rebels looted and burning of homes.
Revolutionaries wanted retaliating against a Twarghae as they believe that they may have supported the former Libyan leader , Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, during the conflict between February and October 2011 , which ended with his death and overthrow his rule .
Gaddafi forces have used the Twarghae area as a base during the long siege of Misrata in 2011, and accuses Many people in Misrata Twarghae to rape women and killing civilians in the city.
The “revolutionaries of Misrata had a covenant on themselves that do not call Twarghae return to their town in one day . Following organize themselves into dozens of militias, they raided the town again and again to the destruction of houses and infrastructure facilities, also blocked the ways to enter the city in the face of those who want to enter.
Upon this background, International Amnesty spoke to tens of existing Twarghae in detention centers and camps for displaced people , and in other places.
Many of them said they had fought alongside Gaddafi's forces , but they denied that they had practiced rape or murder. Several detainees said they had been repeatedly tortured to force them to confess to crimes of this nature.
In March 2012 , reported « International Commission for the Truth in Libya » of the United Nations that they did not find evidence of the existence of an attack widespread and systematic , or any public policy practice of sexual violence , Gaddafi's forces against the civilian population.
The Twarghae punished collective punishment for crimes allegedly committed by the few may . There is no hope for them to return to their homes. And their children can not go to school. The conditions mean that they will not be able to participate in the ballot along with other Libyans in June 2012 for the election of the Constituent Assembly. It must be urgent action to protect them and ensure their future .
« We are very scared to safety of all Twarghae, when taken to Misrata ... We are not safe anywhere, and we can not leave our homes , we are trapped . If we went out , we offer ourselves for arrest also .
Relative of a detainee of Twarghae speaks to International Amnesty / April 2012 :
Tawerghae are distributed in various parts of Libya, most of whom live in resource - poor camps , including in Benghazi , and in the capital , Tripoli..
They live in a permanent fear because of raids by the " rebels " Misrata periodically on the camps , where terrorize people and leaving accompanied with those who arrest them ' without any arrest warrants .
In one of the attacks in Tripoli , on February 6th 2012, the militia attacked a naval base was abandoned home to about 2,500 of Tawerghae.
The gunmen killed two Tawerghae in the camp, and then killed five others , about four kilometers who were protesting against the attack. The dead included three children and an old woman .
a child between them was killed, a "Hanin Saleh Equila Zayed " aged 12 years , when the gunmen fired on protesters Tawerghae the attack . Following the protest , found Tawerghae the bodies of " Mohammed Attia Saleh " , aged 13 years , "Faraj Abdul Mawla Faraj " , aged 15 years , on the beach , just a few hundred meters.
The gunmen have chased them when they tried to flee and shot them.
She told International Amnesty that threats and insults rained down on them on their way to the city center by individuals belonging to a militia , and then claimed they shoot them without discrimination :
When International Amnesty visited Hammala in the hospital , in February , her condition was already serious.
« My brother Nasr-eldin was shot, aged 20 years . I rushed to help him , and when I got to him I was hit by a bullet in the left thigh and fell. my sister rushed to help me and fired on her back, and is now in a serious condition .
Huda Mohammed Belaid the talking to Amnesty International.
« At some point, the militia opened fire indiscriminately on demonstrators. People were fleeing in different directions , each trying to escape and find refuge from the fire ... and hit Haneen in her neck .
Haneen’s sister, aged 12 years, who was killed during an attack in Tripoli on February 6th 2012, speaking to International Amnesty.
Torture of arrested
8 arrested at the hands of the militia on September 26th 2011 , after nearly 20 kilometers to the south of Sirte , while traveling with his family to the town of Jufrah . And the transfer of that evening in Misrata detention center , where he remained for two or three weeks . He said he was there to abuse , including for hit plastic cable .
In early February , was transferred to the detention center « national security in Misrata military and subjected to torture . The militia chased Misrata Hundreds tawerghae in the camps and their homes and at checkpoints , and even in hospitals , and arrested . And the movement of arrested by the militia to Misrata , where it is believed that hundreds arbitrarily detained in the temporary detention facilities .
The spread of torture routinely in these facilities. And the International Amnesty is on the lookout for several cases of people of tawerghae remained tortured even died . Did not allow for any of tawerghae interviewed by Amnesty International access to a lawyer , nor did any of them could challenge the legality of his detention .
He has not been to any of the tawerghae criminal charges or be tried for his alleged crimes . Several detainees were subjected to torture them to be signed ' confessions ' that they have been raped or killed people from Misrata.
In January 2012 , see Amnesty International delegate a member of a militia which is kicking an old man of tawerghae and threatening him in a detention center in Misrata. The man had « been an insult to Connie tawerghae. I told them that my workplace was a soldier in Sirte and that I did not participate in the fighting in Misrata. But they did not believe me .
Crying and writhing next to the wall . The assailant told Amnesty International that he « will not disclaim For those Twarghae, or we’ll kill them .
Bernos was able parents of two children, did not happen to be involved in the fighting , as he had earlier fled from his home in the town Alkarem , western Libya , to escape the fighting . Racist attacks smelt of operations targeting Twarghae smell of racism , as Bad visible . During the armed conflict, spread rumors of widespread use of the previous government « mercenaries Africans » to crush the uprising, and exacerbated the use of the word « black » and « mercenaries » repeatedly of racism and xenophobia, which were deployed before, what display Libyans skinned black Africans coming from sub - Saharan countries to violent attacks and violations because of the color of their skin.
« The only sin is the color of my skin ... . »
Man of tawerghae speaks to delegates from International Amnesty,
Misrata has seen more fighting taller during periods of armed conflict, and her family faced a siege and indiscriminate bombardment by Gaddafi forces for months. And feel the Misrata leaders and local residents proud of their city , and put on the fighters laurels , as heroes. However, what he did these fighters against tawerghae and other alleged supporters of Gaddafi has not been leaders of Misrata , at best , only negligence , and at worst support and encouragement.
Torture in detention facilities that are supervised by « to Misrata Military Council ' and ' security committee is abundant . And local leaders deny that systematic violations , and they say ' individual errors ' comes as a reaction to the abuses suffered by the people of Misrata during the conflict.
In April 2012, said the newly elected Misratah The reconciliation between the two cities ' may be impossible . He called to search for ' alternative solution ' to the people tawerghae.
The Libyan government has not shown under the supervision of ' National Transitional Council is little political will to investigate violations and justice for tawerghae.
Farag Abdelmoula Farag , 15 -year-old , Gaddafi Gomaa , 58 years old , who have been killed during the attack on the militia camp displaced tawerghae in Tripoli, on February 6 / February 2012.
Amna M'hamed Embarak, which was hit during the same attack.
« Regarding tawerghae, and my personal view is that no one has the right to interfere in this matter except the people of Misrata . »
The Wall Street Journal , from Mahmoud Jibril , Prime Minister of Libya interim time, September 2011
Instead , « National Transitional Council is working to formulate a general amnesty law to ensure impunity for members of the militias responsible for war crimes and other violations , impunity .
At the same time , said, « NTC » that he will respect the obligations of Libya's international human rights as required by treaties such as « the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights » and « the International Convention against Torture and other cruel, inhuman or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment » .
However , it is difficult to talk about it has taken no effective action to protect people from arbitrary detention, torture and other cruel . In fact , what continues human rights violations committed , while impunity - including reminds us of the days the rule of Colonel Gaddafi .
Crimes against humanity
International Amnesty has embarked on documenting attacks against civilians tawerghae on the hands of the " rebels " Misrata during the conflict itself formed war crimes , as well as other crimes under international law. Because of these attacks, including murder and torture , has been committed as part of a widespread and systematic attack against the population tawerghae civilians , as well as knowledge of the attack , they are , apparently , crimes against humanity, as provided for in Article 7 of the « Rome Statute the International Criminal Court.
« [tawerghae deserve to be removed from the planet.
- Ensure the return of all of the forcibly displaced to their homes, and to ensure their safety, and that they receive adequate reparation , including compensation and financial assistance to enable them to rebuild their homes and livelihoods .
- Those responsible for human rights abuses for Twarghae , including acts of murder and torture to justice.
- Put an end to arbitrary arrests Twarghae at the hands of militiamen and security forces, and ensure that it does not deprived of his liberty except in accordance with the approved procedures , based on the provisions laid down by law .
- Ensure that all of the detained are treated humanely , and to receive necessary medical care , and protection from torture and other ill-treatment
The international amnesty in May of 2012 : : 2012 / 007 / MDE 19