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Environment


Written by Alrassed Alliby Editor
23 Jun 2013 3:21 am
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Forest fires in Libya led to a natural and a serious health disaster

Forest  fires in Libya led to a natural and a serious health disaster

After a dry season and a severe shortage of rainfall and a significant increase of heat and several heatwaves, erupted fires  in different areas of northern Libya, during the months of April, May and early June, especially in the series of Green Mountain and Natural Reserves at the western Libya which led to the destruction of wide areas of forest up to thousands hectares, especially in the green Mountain.

And a large fire broke out in the top of the green mountain, then at the end of May, another fire in different parts of the mountain, where the fire destroyed hundreds of hectares of forest.

The fire swallowed tens of hectares regions; Elwasita at west of Bayda, Elatron at east of Sousse, and Belkna and Habun located between the cities of Sousse and Abraq.

 

Civilian Safety Authority official  Ayad Abdul Hafeez says The fire swallowed about 50 hectares of trees in the forest near villages Belkna, and Ahbun, both located south of the city of Sousse, about 20 kilometers away.

And, Abdulhafeez, noted that branch of the Commission in the region do not have the possibilities to extinguish the fire, and called on the government to immediately intervene to provide private jets to extinguish fires due to the difficulty of the mountainous region.

fruitful trees also was not safe from  the fire, where National Safety Authority official of drna, Abdul Azim Amtoul said that the fires that broke out in Alotron swallowed four farms for fruit trees in an area located by about four hectares away.

 

Repeated Fires sparked in natural reserves in Libya concerned the citizens and the environmental affairs that the repetition of such fires would tamper with the ecological balance of through erosion spaces trees and scattered tracts of land Green Mountain

A member of FAO, in the Middle East France Patrick warned  that Libya is on the verge of an environmental risk large due to tampering with the ecological balance recklessly despite the many international warnings, and said: The forests that we see burning in response to the material ambitions and  taking advantage of the lands in the reconstruction and possibly to resolve part of the housing problem experienced by Libya, it’s considered relevant from an environmental point of view because of their impact on the climate,since it makes it generally more moderate and less temperature in degrees of humidity, And through photosynthesis the trees absorb carbon dioxide from the air and give more oxygen, which gives privacy tourism to these areas, as well as it works to absorb large amounts of air pollutants of different cities and nearby areas and help in maintaining the general health of the inhabitants of those areas where as to avoid respiratory diseases caused by carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, and dust and loose material in the air.

And about the dangers of forest fires in Libya, a member of the Arab Organization for the Protection of Nature Fadi Jawad said that the quantities of wood they are trying to burn lead to a significant losses in animal diversity and increase the proportion of desertification and soil erosion of vegetation, pointing out that the hectare of forest will absorb dust and filter about18 million cubic meters of air per year and can also absorb about 250 kilograms of carbon dioxide and release of 200 kg of oxygen gas.

 

From his part, environmental activist in the Amazon Environmental group (James Tantee) said The forest og Libya has a large Privacy and characterized by exceptional abundant vegetable contain priceless fortunes, such as homogenized animal diversity and herbs and rare medicinal plants, and also insects and rare factions variety of birds.

He added: "To compensate what was lost will take decades and unfortunately even spaces that were tampered previously were not compensated at all, although enviromental organizations sought to contribute and the more they grow,they shocked with the cut of dozens, which made the forest areas restricted significantly," explaining that stock of hundreds of thousands of juniper trees, Albthom Chammari, pine, carob and Barbash, olive and cypress and oak burned threatens with environmental disaster as large as that rare Phoenician juniper trees which is difficult to re-farmed that is in danger of extinction from the region.

 

It should be noted that Green Mountain is full of environmental features as of being unique evergreen forest area, and the natural vegetation of the mountain includes most of the existing plant formations in the Mediterranean region.

The Phoenician juniper trees are one of the most important components of this cover which are about 80 percent of the total number of trees and evergreen shrubs in the green mountain.

The  Hill of green mountain is Located on an area of ​​20 thousand square kilometers, where the length of it is more than 200 kilometers from the heap west south-east of Benghazi, and even the valley of cows is on the east of Derna, and display more than 75 km, and the highest point of which reach about 850 meters in the region of Sidi Hamri.

The was-called green mountain because it’s covered with thick plant and forest and the most famous :sir Hamri and Alpellnj and Belaid, also includes many of the jungles of evergreen plants that cover it with vvegetatively of plants and trees, which are for about 1,800 kind of plants and trees, juniper, Albthom, and Chammari, pine, carob and Barbash, olive, cypress, oak, as well as many fruit trees apple trees and vines, and nuts, and other fruits, estimated by about four million trees, in addition to herbs and rare medicinal plants.